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Anal skin tag: A brief guide

Skin tags are the accumulated skin that forms typically small bumps, usually in millimetres, and skin tags around the anal area are known as anal skin tags. Tags can be of the matching skin complexion or maybe a bit darker but go unnoticed since these don’t cause any problem. But most of the people prefer to remove these for cosmetics purposes.

Anal skin tag vs Hemorrhoid

An anal skin tag is a common skin problem that is faced by many. These may give a feel of raised skin or knots of skin formed in the vicinity of the anal area. Skin gets loose and forms a small benign (non-cancerous) mass of skin. These bumps may be sensitive to touch and easily irritable but rarely cause pain. These might itch and produce an uncomfortable sensation (pruritus). Anal skin tags may be associated with several anal diseases, such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and Crohn’s disease.  Due to their location, they can be easily mistaken as something else.

Causes of Anal skin tags

The skin around the anal area is mostly loose than the other parts since stool has to pass and the bowel movements need loose skin. Moreover, when vessels in this region get swollen and reduce back to original shape then such a skin is prone to get skin tags. Blood vessels can be swollen due to several reasons like blood clots, heavy lifting, hemorrhoids, exercise, and pregnancy.

Friction

Skin tags easily develop on the regions of higher friction and irritation. This friction may develop due to tight clothing, sitting in a pose for long stretches of time, and strenuous exercise.

Constipation

The skin must stretch to adjust huge or hard stool, and stressing can squeeze the anal area’s skin and can result in swollen veins. If somehow the skin doesn’t come back to its original shape then it can result in anal skin tags.

Hemorrhoids

This condition is classified by swollen and infected veins in the anal or rectum region. Every 1 in 20 Americans suffers from hemorrhoids. Even when the swelling of veins reduces, the skin gets loose and results in skin tags.

Diarrhea

Frequent stools irritate the anal skin as it is wiped too often. frequent wiping with toilet paper resultantly cause rough skin.

Crohn’s disease

This disease is characterized by the inflammation of the intestines, which may result in constipation and diarrhea. Research has shown that this disease increases the chances of getting anal skin tags.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy is no less than a roller coaster ride of hormonal changes. Moreover, hemorrhoids is a common situation during pregnancy.

Others

Blood clots, obesity, and heavy lifting also increase the chances of developing anal skin tags.

Diagnosis

Anal skin tags may appear as a common bulge or swollen area. But to diagnose it, a general physician or some expert’s assistance is needed, since a bulge in the anal area also refers to some other anal diseases. The very first option for the physician is to do a physical examination of the bulge. The patient will be asked to lie down on the bed so that physician can observe the anal area. The visual exam sometimes doesn’t clear the ambiguity of the doctor and he/she might go or the rectal examination, for which the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger inside to feel the anal bulges.

Anal Skin Tag

The doctor might ask for one of the two common examinations, anoscopy and sigmoidoscopy, to rule out the possibility of any serious complications such as cancer. Since biopsy is also a way to get precise information about the happenings inside the human body, your doctor might collect some rectal tissues for lab testing. The digital rectal exam is quite notorious these days because of its easy and detailed analysis.

Do anal skin tags go away?

Sometimes tags fall off on their own and don’t need any surgical procedure.

Excision

But the most commonly used treatment is ligation. The doctor removes the tag and prefers not to stitch the wound. Usually, the strategy is to remove one tag at a time, since anal region injury is vulnerable to the infection and inflammation due to stool and bacteria, the doctor usually prefers removing one tag at a time.

If the tag is large then stitches or staples are used to close the wound.

Laser

A laser treatment burns the tag away and it takes a few days for the wound to heal. The skin is numbed before laser treatment.

Cryotherapy

Skin tags are frozen off by liquid nitrogen and the area is numbed. This resultantly makes the tag fall off.

Electrodesiccation

Skin tags can also be removed by an electric current as the tags respond sensitively to the tags. Basically, some part of the skin is dead by the electric current.

How to prevent anal skin tags?

A particular lifestyle might help you to avoid the tags. Adding the following instructions in daily lifestyle might help you avoid anal skin tags.

  • Eat food rich in dietary fiber, also known as roughage, to get a smooth discharge of stool.
  • Sitting on the toilet bowl for too long also might trigger the tags.
  • Try to have some short term breaks in between your continuous work to relax your legs.
  • Do some leg exercises, like squats, to keep your legs and skin healthy.
  • Consult a doctor If you get some injury or persisting wound.
  • Keep the weight in a suitable range.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothing since it might irk the skin.
  • If you have digestive problems, then get those diagnosed as soon as possible.

Managing golden rules for anal skin tags

  • Keep the region as clean as you can under the circumstances, cautiously washing and tenderly drying the zone at least once a day and after every defecation.
  • Try not to utilize cleanser as it can sting. It is ideal to utilize water on your hand instead of wool.
  • Utilize delicate tissue or soggy cotton.
  • If you have an issue o after leakage then sticking cotton rolled up inside is a good way to avoid any irritation.
  • Dry the region by tenderly tapping with a delicate towel or tissue. Abstain from rubbing too much.
  • Don’t add anything in bathwater, if possible– avoid bubble baths, all cleaning agents, salts, and shower oils.
  • Try not to utilize any creams, antiperspirants, bath powder, sterilizers, or whatever else on your butt, aside from the treatment proposed by your expert.
  • Try to wear loose cotton clothing and change this regularly. Ladies should wear stockings or open-crotch leggings instead of customary leggings to decrease perspiring. Avoid man-made fabric or under-garments.
  • Avoid tight pants and sitting on the plastic chair for long hours.
  • Wash your clothing in non-organic washing powder and ensure that all traces of washing detergent are flushed out.
  • An eating routine that is high in fiber makes the defecation easier and stool soft. this might cause leakage. Moreover, refrain from eating too much chocolate, coffee, and citrus fruits. Citric acid can worsen the situation.

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